In this second talk in a four talk series on the Doctrine of God, Dominic Steele, looks at the Person and Work of Christ. Talk given at the Village Church weekend away on February 28, 2015.
1 Jesus: Who he is and what he did?
2 Jesus is fully God
a Biblical Evidence
i Jesus’ self consciousness
Jesus’ angels, his kingdom Matthew 13:41
Jesus forgives sins Mark 2:1-12
Jesus is Lord of the sabbath Mark 2:27-28
Jesus judges the world Matthew 25:31-46
Jesus is one with the Father John 10:30, 14:7-9
Jesus’ preexistence John 8:58-59
– Jesus will be seated on the clouds of heaven Matthew 26:63-64
ii Others’ statements e.g. My Lord and My God John 20:28
iii The Preexistent word in John 1:1-4
iv Universal worship of Jesus Revelation 5:13-14
b Heretical denials of the divinity of Jesus
i Ebionism – an brilliant but not superhuman man, Christ descended on Jesus at baptism in form of a dove.
ii Arianism – The father is the only uncreated being, Son had a beginning, no communion or direct knowledge of the the Father. cf John
c Implications of the Divinity of Jesus
i We can have real knowledge of God John14:9
ii Redemption is available
iii God and humans have been reunited
iv Worship of Christ is appropriate
d Jesus is fully man
i Biblical Evidence Luke 2:52, Matthew 4:2, John 19:28, John 4:26, 1 John 1:1,
ii Jesus’ emotions cf Luke 7:9, Mark 6:6,
iii Jesus’ knowledge Mark 9:21, Mark 13:32
iv Jesus’ worship Luke 4:16
e Heretical denials of the humanity of Jesus
i Docetism – Jesus only seemed to be human.
ii Apollinarianism – Jesus took on a genuine humanity, but not the whole of human nature.
f Implications of the humanity of Jesus
i His atoning death can avail for us
ii Jesus can truly sympathise with and intercede for us.
iii Jesus can be our example
iv Human nature is good
v God is not totally transcendent Acts 17
3 Jesus died for us as a penal substitutionary sacrifice
a Various inadequate theories
i The Socinian Theory.
ii The Moral Influence Theory
iii The Governmental Theory
iv The Ransom Theory
b Key Biblical motifs to describe the death of Jesus
i Sacrifice Isaiah 53:5-6, Hebrews 10:11-14
ii Propitiation Romans 1:18, 3:23-26
iii Substitution Isaiah 53:6, 1Peter 2:24
iv Reconciliation 2 Corinthians 5:19
c Objections to the Penal Substitution Theory
i Why doesn’t God simply forgive?
ii Is Jesus an innocent unwilling third party? John 10:17-18
d Implications of Penal Substitution
i People are totally depraved
ii The grace of God
iii God’s nature is not one sided.
iv There is security in Christ
4 For whom did Christ die?
5 Praise Jesus
Acknowledgement that much of the information in this talk rests on Millard Erickson’s doctrine textbook Christian Theology
What are the implications for us if Jesus is not fully divine? fully human?
Evaluate the various theories of the atonement against the Biblical data.
Discuss these two propositions:
The significance of Christ’s sacrifice is caught up with the infinite value of his person.
Christ’s death is sufficient for all, but only efficient for those who respond in repentance and faith.